in Finnish

Types of rum

Page 1 / 2

As mentioned earlier, rums are divided into two main categories according to whether they are produced by sugar cane juice (rhum agricole) or molasses (rhum industriel). According to their producing processes or purpose of use rums can be further divided into several subclasses. There are various grouping principles, one of which is presented here. This classification is one that is most commonly used on the international market

White rums White rum is the most common type of rum in the market and is used in cocktails and mixed drinks. White rums are usually column-distilled and un-aged, although some producers age them for about six months after which the rum is cleansed by filtering it through charcoal. Daiquiri and Mai Tai are examples of the best-known rum drinks.

Dark rums are rums in the cheapest price category. These are also widely distributed and used in cocktails and mixed drinks. Dark rums are usually distilled in pot stills or coffee stills and they are not aged more than white rums - they get their flavour and colour from added caramel colours.

Spiced anf flavoured rums. Nowadays, there are numerous rums spiced with various fruit flavours, such as banana, pineapple or citrus fruits. These are often white rums and the taste makes them well suitable for the basis of drinks. Rums may also be spiced with cinnamon or mace.

Overproof rums are rums bottled at the strength at which they were distilled, or otherwise with an unusually high alcohol content. Bacardi 151 is an example of such rum (151 means about 75.5% pure alcohol content). These rums are not meant to be enjoyed straight up and are usually used in, for example, flambéing food.

Golden rums are premium rums with a long and dedicated production process. They are usually distilled in column stills, but some are also distilled in pot stills. They derive their flavour and colour from the aging process, which can last even for decades. Most producers use small amounts of caramel colours to ensure that their product retains its characteristic colour from one year's patch to the next. Young golden rums can be used in drinks, but most of them should be given the best possible treatment and enjoyed either neat or with a dash of water or ice.

Next page gives information briefly about various rum drinks for those interested.